Reservoir operation and environmental water demand: Scenarios for the Sub-Middle and Lower São Francisco River basin, Brazil

Hagen Koch*, Florian Selge, José Roberto G. de Azevedo, Gerald N. Souza da Silva, Marianna Siegmund-Schultze, Fred F. Hattermann

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Water management is important for delivering water for different users and uses. Reservoirs are built to overcome the stochastic nature of river flows and to increase the reliability of water supply. Reservoir operation affects the ecology of downstream river sections, and there has been a discussion of a more ecologically oriented flow regime, although ecosystems of reservoirs themselves are rarely taken into account. For reservoirs, it is important to identify multiple impacts and trade-offs of different management options. This information can be used in a multidisciplinary and multiparticipatory decision-making process to assess the management options. This study develops, applies, and discusses reservoir operation options for the São Francisco River basin (Brazil): (a) Reference; (b) Environmental discharge; (c) Reduced daily water-level variation; and (d) Reduced annual water-level variation. In the simulation study, the operation option with reduced daily water-level variation in reservoirs turned out to be the most flexible, guaranteeing hydropower generation and water supply in the dry season, while considering the ecology of the reservoirs and rivers. The simulations are exemplary for decision makers, requiring further assessment after agreeing on priority setting.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere2026
JournalEcohydrology
Volume11
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2018
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • environmental flows
  • hydropower
  • reservoir operation
  • São Francisco River basin

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Reservoir operation and environmental water demand: Scenarios for the Sub-Middle and Lower São Francisco River basin, Brazil'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this