Report on regulations governing anaerobic digesters and nutrient recovery and reuse in EU member states

Ludwig Hermann, Ralf Hermann, Oscar F. Schoumans

Research output: Book/ReportReportProfessional


The regulatory framework governing anaerobic digestion and biogas production in EU Member States is arranged in European Policies, Regulations and Directives and by national legislation, which is based on European Policies and Directives. Consequently, we have organised the Regulatory Framework Report following the same structure. Chapter 1 deals with European Policies which are followed by European Regulations that must be enforced by all Member States as they are in chapter 2. Chapter 3 refers to European Directives which must be adopted by Member States but not literally. Directives typically stipulate a target but leave room for selecting the strategy and pathway by the Member State. Chapter 4 briefly deviates from legislation and provides - extracted from the EBA Annual Reports - statistical information on the regional development of electricity from biogas and biomethane production in Europe clearly showing Germany in the lead but higher recent dynamics regarding biomethane in France and Nordic countries. In chapter 5 the report returns to legislation in Member States, starting with comprehensive information on the countries with demonstration plants. Chapter 6 deals with legislation in countries with outreach plants and chapter 7, finally, gives an overview of all Member States.
Original languageEnglish
Place of PublicationWageningen
PublisherWageningen Environmental Research
Number of pages121
Publication statusPublished - May 2019


  • biogas
  • biobased economy
  • EU regulations
  • nutrient management
  • nutrient flows
  • cycling
  • digestate
  • anaerobic digesters
  • sewage sludge
  • anaerobic digestion
  • legislation
  • agricultural politics


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