Removal of micropollutants in source separated sanitation

A. Butkovskyi

Research output: Thesisinternal PhD, WU


Source separated sanitation is an innovative sanitation method designed for minimizing use of energy and clean drinking water, and maximizing reuse of water, organics and nutrients from waste water. This approach is based on separate collection and treatment of toilet wastewater (black water) and the rest of the domestic wastewater (grey water). Different characteristics of wastewater streams facilitate recovery of energy, nutrients and fresh water. To ensure agricultural or ecological reuse of liquid and solid products of source separated sanitation, the quality of these materials has to meet (future) standards, i.e. for micropollutant concentrations. Therefore the objectives of this thesis included assessment of micropollutant content of source separated sanitation products intended for resource recovery and examination of post-treatment technologies for micropollutant mitigation within source separated sanitation
Original languageEnglish
QualificationDoctor of Philosophy
Awarding Institution
  • Wageningen University
  • Rijnaarts, Huub, Promotor
  • Zeeman, Grietje, Promotor
  • Hernández Leal, L., Co-promotor, External person
Award date28 Aug 2015
Place of PublicationWageningen
Print ISBNs9789462574168
Publication statusPublished - 2015


  • pollutants
  • pollution
  • water pollution
  • waste water
  • municipal wastewater
  • sanitation
  • water treatment
  • removal
  • drugs
  • pharmaceutical products
  • antibiotic residues
  • residues


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