Four potato genotypes with a single resistant gene against M. chitwoodi were examined for their degree of relative susceptibility compared to the susceptible cv. Désirée. The potato genotypes were grown in 10-liter pots in artificial soil at a range of initial nematode densities (Pi) from 0 (control), 0.125, 0.25, 0.5, 1, 2, 4, 8, 16, 32, 64 to 128 juveniles (gram of dry soil)-1. The pot experiment was carried out in a climate controlled glasshouse. The final population density (Pf) and various plant characteristics such as plant height, fresh and under water weight of tubers, fresh root weight, shoot and root dry weight were measured and related to initial nematode density to model yield. Additionally, the root-knot index (RKI) of the tubers was assessed. Plant height was found to increase with nematode densities in all the genotypes. The rootknot index (RKI) score was below 10 for all resistant tested genotypes, which is below the minimum threshold for industrial processing when potato supply is abundant. By comparison, the susceptible cultivar Désirée scored above the maximum threshold when supply is low. Yield, expressed as relative total fresh weight, under water weight and percentage of starch dry matter of tubers, was found to be independent of the initial nematode densities in one genotype and reduced in the three other genotypes with an increase in Pi. Models of estimates of final population dynamics of M. chitwoodi on the resistant genotypes made so far, were all below the equilibrium line (Pi = Pf); their maximum values at the highest Pi were smaller or equal to 0.1 juveniles (gram of dry soil)-1. The tested genotypes proved to be highly resistant. This research is part of a greater research project testing both methodology and population dynamical models in order to downscale and develop a cheap, reliable and consistent method for routine resistance testing. From the results so far, the relative maximum Pf value, maximum population density (“M”) at high initial Pi seems to be a good parameter to indicate degree of resistance. Key words: Screening resistance, population dynamics, and maximum population density.
|Title of host publication||64th International Symposium on Crop Protection, Gent, 22-05-2012|
|Place of Publication||Ghent, Belgium|
|Publication status||Published - 2012|
|Event||64th International Symposium on Crop Protection - |
Duration: 22 May 2012 → 22 May 2012
|Conference||64th International Symposium on Crop Protection|
|Period||22/05/12 → 22/05/12|
Teklu, M. G., Been, T. H., & Schomaker, C. H. (2012). Relative susceptibilities of potato genotypes with a single resistant gene for Meloidogyne Chitwoodi. In 64th International Symposium on Crop Protection, Gent, 22-05-2012 (pp. 124-124). Ghent, Belgium.