Relationships among Jatropha curcas seed yield and vegetative plant components under different management and cropping systems in Indonesia

J. Tjeuw*, M.A. Slingerland, K.E. Giller

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)


An understanding of how Jatropha curcas seed yield relates to vegetative plant components under different management regimes is lacking. Such information is necessary to predict yields and design management strategies. This study investigated yield and vegetative plant component interactions, and the effects of management practices in monoculture, intercropping, and hedge cropping systems in Indonesia. Monoculture and intercropping experiments in Gunungkidul Regency used jatropha IP-1M material; hedge experiments in Sumbawa Regency used the Sumbawa provenance. In two-year-old monoculture, pruning significantly decreased yield from 109 kg ha-1 to 28 kg ha-1 due to a 40% decrease in canopy volume and LAI. In four-year-old jatropha intercropping, root barriers reduced yields 80% by limiting jatropha root access to soil moisture and nutrients in the maize plantings. Intercropping without root barrier and with leaf mulch produced the largest yields of 25 kg ha-1. In hedge plantings, plant height influenced yield. Single rows of one-year-old monoculture produced 0.97 g m-1 at 10 cm spacing, 1.69 g m-1 at 30 cm, and 0.14 g m-1 for 20 cm of mixed jatropha–gliricidia. Pruning significantly decreased LAI with 20 cm spacing indicating a higher proportion of above-ground biomass allocated for wood growth. Results indicate that seed yield across the three cropping systems can be determined by plant height and numbers of productive twig/branch, although number of inflorescences cluster per productive twig may be more important. Future research should focus on the transition of branches to reproductive phases, and on increasing numbers of productive twigs/branches and inflorescence clusters.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)128-139
JournalBiomass and Bioenergy
Publication statusPublished - 2015


  • Hedge
  • Intercropping
  • Monoculture
  • Productive twig/branch
  • Pruning


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