Relations between student perceptions of assessment authenticity, study approaches and learning outcome

J.T.M. Gulikers, Th.J. Bastiaens, P.A. Kirschner, L. Kester

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

50 Citations (Scopus)


This article examines the relationships between perceptions of authenticity and alignment on study approach and learning outcome. Senior students of a vocational training program performed an authentic assessment and filled in a questionnaire about the authenticity of various assessment characteristics and the alignment between the assessment and the instruction. Deep or surface study activities and the development of transferable generic skills were measured with a questionnaire as well. Correlational analysis and structural equation modeling were used to examine the hypothesis that more perception of authenticity and alignment resulted in more deep learning and development of generic skills. Results showed that when the task, physical context and assessment form are more authentic and when there is more alignment there is also evidence of more deep learning and/or an increase in generic skill development. Authenticity perceptions did not affect surface learning. Contrary to expectations, more authentic assessment criteria resulted in a decrease in deep learning and generic skill development. The explanation might be that authentic, but too concrete criteria, focusing on specific actions, hamper motivation and learning at least for more experienced students
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)381-400
JournalStudies in Educational Evaluation
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2006


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