Regulation of lipid droplet-associated proteins by peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors

Montserrat A. de la Rosa Rodriguez, Sander Kersten*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

41 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Excess fatty acids are stored in cells as triglycerides in specialized organelles called lipid droplets (LD). LD can be found in nearly all cell types and may expand during certain (patho)physiological conditions. The synthesis and breakdown of triglycerides and their deposition in LD is governed by a diverse set of enzymes and LD-associated proteins. These proteins serve structural roles in and around LD and regulate the activity of key lipogenic and lipolytic enzymes. The LD-associated proteins are subject to multiple regulatory mechanisms at the protein and gene expression level. A group of transcription factors that govern the expression of many LD-associated proteins are the Peroxisome Proliferator-Activated Receptors (PPARs). PPARs are lipid-activated transcription factors that play a key role in the regulation of lipid metabolism in liver (PPARα), adipose tissue (PPARγ), and skeletal muscle (PPARδ). This review provides an overview of the regulation of LD-associated proteins by PPARα, PPARδ, and PPARγ in adipose tissue, liver, macrophages, and skeletal muscle. It is concluded that many LD-associated proteins, including members of the PLIN family, CIDEC, CIDEA, HILPDA, FITM1, FITM2, and G0S2 are under direct transcriptional control of PPARs. Upregulation of LD-associated proteins by PPARs provides a mechanism to link uptake of lipids to regulation of lipid storage capacity. This article is part of a Special Issue entitled: Recent Advances in Lipid Droplet Biology edited by Rosalind Coleman and Matthijs Hesselink.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1212-1220
JournalBiochimica et Biophysica Acta. Molecular and Cell Biology of Lipids
Volume1862
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017

Keywords

  • Lipid droplet
  • Lipid droplet-associated proteins
  • Perilipins
  • PPARs

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