Regioselective C4 and C6 Double Oxidation of Cellulose by Lytic Polysaccharide Monooxygenases

Peicheng Sun, Christophe V.F.P. Laurent, Vincent J.P. Boerkamp, Gijs van Erven, Roland Ludwig, Willem J.H. van Berkel, Mirjam A. Kabel*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)


Lytic polysaccharide monooxygenases (LPMOs) play a key role in enzymatic degradation of hard-to-convert polysaccharides, such as chitin and cellulose. It is widely accepted that LPMOs catalyze a single regioselective oxidation of the C1 or C4 carbon of a glycosidic linkage, after which the destabilized linkage breaks. Here, a series of novel C4/C6 double oxidized cello-oligosaccharides was discovered. Products were characterized, aided by sodium borodeuteride reduction and hydrophilic interaction chromatography coupled to mass spectrometric analysis. The C4/C6 double oxidized products were generated by C4 and C1/C4 oxidizing LPMOs, but not by C1 oxidizing ones. By performing incubation and reduction in H218O, it was confirmed that the C6 gem-diol structure resulted from oxygenation, although oxidation to a C6 aldehyde, followed by hydration to the C6 gem-diol, could not be excluded. These findings can be extended to how the reactive LPMO-cosubstrate complex is positioned towards the substrate.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere202102203
Issue number2
Early online date3 Dec 2021
Publication statusPublished - 2022


  • isotopic labeling
  • lytic polysaccharide monooxygenase
  • mass spectrometry
  • oligosaccharides
  • regioselectivity


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