Regional Economic Growth and accessibility : the case of the Netherlands

W.J.M. Heijman, C. van der Heide

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Since the early 1970s, a certain shift has appeared in the contribution of the various Dutch regions to the national economy. There has been a decline in the contribution of the urban agglomeration of Western Holland to the national economy. This decline, together with a relative strong increase outside this western part of the Netherlands, resulted in a decrease in regional disparities. To analyse these disparities between the regional and national growth rates, a shift-share analysis for labour volume and value added has been used. The analysis encompasses 40 so-called COROP-regions in the Netherlands over four sub-periods for the two decades (1973-1993). It is shown that the development over time of the shift-share effects for labour volume and value added are much the same. The relationship between regional economic growth and congestion is investigated as well. As economic development is not only the result of a proper combination of private production factors, but also of infrastructure in general and accessibility in particular, the role of accessibility in location processes of firms is often regarded to be important. We accordingly determine, on the basis of the available data, whether relationships exist between the three shift-share effects and the accessibility of regions. Our calculations, however, show that a relationship between regional economic growth and accessibility for the Netherlands is, on the basis of the available data, not supported empirically.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-19
JournalWageningen Economic Papers
Volume2000
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - 2000

Keywords

  • netherlands
  • regional development
  • regional economics

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