Reflexive design for sustainable animal husbandry : Mediating between Niche and regime

A.P. Bos, S.F. Spoelstra, P.W.G. Groot Koerkamp, K.H. de Greef, O.N.M. van Eijk

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterAcademicpeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)


The agricultural sector in the Netherlands can be seen as an exemplary success of modernization, especially after its take-off phase following World War II (Bieleman 2000). Yet it has also experienced increasing pressures and criticism, already since the early 70s (Grin 2010), when the fi rst sideeff ects of its success-overproduction, emissions, biodiversity losses and overfertilization by manure-surfaced to become important environmental and societal issues. Whereas overproduction was tackled by EU regulation, the manure issue is still largely unresolved. Because of the environmental side eff ects, the Dutch agricultural system reached its critical point in the 1990s. According to Grin (2010: 263), this period can be regarded as a turning point, marking the take-off phase of a transition triggered by the side-eff ects of ‘simple modernization’. Dutch livestock production fi ts very well into this general pattern of pressures and changes in agriculture. A series of dramatic epidemics (classical swine fever in 1997; foot-and-mouth disease in 2001; avian infl uenza in 2003) as well as some major food scares-in particular the BSE crisis of 1997-resulted in the public framing of the Dutch livestock production sector as a disease-prone industry with disrespect for animals.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationFood Practices in Transition
Subtitle of host publicationChanging Food Consumption, Retail and Production in the Age of Reflexive Modernity
EditorsG. Spaargaren, P. Oosterveer, A. Loeber
Place of PublicationLondon
PublisherTaylor & Francis
ISBN (Electronic)9780203135921
ISBN (Print)9780415880848
Publication statusPublished - 2011

Publication series

NameRoutledge studies in sustainability transitions


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