Reduction of rare soil microbes modifies plant-herbivore interactions

W.H.G. Hol, W. de Boer, A.J. Termorshuizen, K.M. Meyer, J.M.H. Schneider, N.M. van Dam, J.A. van Veen, W.H. van der Putten

Research output: Contribution to journalLetterAcademicpeer-review

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Abstract

Rare species are assumed to have little impact on community interactions and ecosystem processes. However, very few studies have actually attempted to quantify the role of rare species in ecosystems. Here we compare effects of soil community assemblages on plantherbivore interactions and show that reduction of rare soil microbes increases both plant biomass and plant nutritional quality. Two crop plant species growing in soil where rare microbes were reduced, had tissues of higher nutritional quality, which theoretically makes them more susceptible to pest organisms such as shoot-feeding aphids and rootfeeding nematodes. Reduction of rare microbes increased aphid body size in the absence of nematodes; nematodes always reduced aphid body size independent of the soil microbial community. This study is the first to show that rare soil microbes are not redundant but may play a role in crop protection by enhancing aboveground and belowground plant defence. It remains to be tested whether these are direct effects of rare soil microbes on plants and herbivores, or indirect effects via shifts in the microbial soil community assemblages.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)292-301
JournalEcology Letters
Volume13
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2010

Fingerprint

plant-herbivore interaction
soil microorganisms
Aphidoidea
herbivores
aphid
body size
nutritive value
Nematoda
soil
nematode
plant protection
plant defense
pests
crop plant
microorganisms
rare species
shoots
ecosystems
organisms
crops

Keywords

  • ecosystem function relationship
  • 16s ribosomal-rna
  • myzus-persicae
  • diversity
  • biodiversity
  • communities
  • rhizobacteria
  • gradients
  • dynamics
  • biomass

Cite this

Hol, W. H. G., de Boer, W., Termorshuizen, A. J., Meyer, K. M., Schneider, J. M. H., van Dam, N. M., ... van der Putten, W. H. (2010). Reduction of rare soil microbes modifies plant-herbivore interactions. Ecology Letters, 13, 292-301. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1461-0248.2009.01424.x
Hol, W.H.G. ; de Boer, W. ; Termorshuizen, A.J. ; Meyer, K.M. ; Schneider, J.M.H. ; van Dam, N.M. ; van Veen, J.A. ; van der Putten, W.H. / Reduction of rare soil microbes modifies plant-herbivore interactions. In: Ecology Letters. 2010 ; Vol. 13. pp. 292-301.
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abstract = "Rare species are assumed to have little impact on community interactions and ecosystem processes. However, very few studies have actually attempted to quantify the role of rare species in ecosystems. Here we compare effects of soil community assemblages on plantherbivore interactions and show that reduction of rare soil microbes increases both plant biomass and plant nutritional quality. Two crop plant species growing in soil where rare microbes were reduced, had tissues of higher nutritional quality, which theoretically makes them more susceptible to pest organisms such as shoot-feeding aphids and rootfeeding nematodes. Reduction of rare microbes increased aphid body size in the absence of nematodes; nematodes always reduced aphid body size independent of the soil microbial community. This study is the first to show that rare soil microbes are not redundant but may play a role in crop protection by enhancing aboveground and belowground plant defence. It remains to be tested whether these are direct effects of rare soil microbes on plants and herbivores, or indirect effects via shifts in the microbial soil community assemblages.",
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Hol, WHG, de Boer, W, Termorshuizen, AJ, Meyer, KM, Schneider, JMH, van Dam, NM, van Veen, JA & van der Putten, WH 2010, 'Reduction of rare soil microbes modifies plant-herbivore interactions', Ecology Letters, vol. 13, pp. 292-301. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1461-0248.2009.01424.x

Reduction of rare soil microbes modifies plant-herbivore interactions. / Hol, W.H.G.; de Boer, W.; Termorshuizen, A.J.; Meyer, K.M.; Schneider, J.M.H.; van Dam, N.M.; van Veen, J.A.; van der Putten, W.H.

In: Ecology Letters, Vol. 13, 2010, p. 292-301.

Research output: Contribution to journalLetterAcademicpeer-review

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T1 - Reduction of rare soil microbes modifies plant-herbivore interactions

AU - Hol, W.H.G.

AU - de Boer, W.

AU - Termorshuizen, A.J.

AU - Meyer, K.M.

AU - Schneider, J.M.H.

AU - van Dam, N.M.

AU - van Veen, J.A.

AU - van der Putten, W.H.

PY - 2010

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AB - Rare species are assumed to have little impact on community interactions and ecosystem processes. However, very few studies have actually attempted to quantify the role of rare species in ecosystems. Here we compare effects of soil community assemblages on plantherbivore interactions and show that reduction of rare soil microbes increases both plant biomass and plant nutritional quality. Two crop plant species growing in soil where rare microbes were reduced, had tissues of higher nutritional quality, which theoretically makes them more susceptible to pest organisms such as shoot-feeding aphids and rootfeeding nematodes. Reduction of rare microbes increased aphid body size in the absence of nematodes; nematodes always reduced aphid body size independent of the soil microbial community. This study is the first to show that rare soil microbes are not redundant but may play a role in crop protection by enhancing aboveground and belowground plant defence. It remains to be tested whether these are direct effects of rare soil microbes on plants and herbivores, or indirect effects via shifts in the microbial soil community assemblages.

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Hol WHG, de Boer W, Termorshuizen AJ, Meyer KM, Schneider JMH, van Dam NM et al. Reduction of rare soil microbes modifies plant-herbivore interactions. Ecology Letters. 2010;13:292-301. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1461-0248.2009.01424.x