Reduction of antibiotic use and antibiotic resistance in commercial poultry

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference paper

Abstract

Use of antibiotics for companion animals and livestock in the Netherlands has reduced by more than 60% over the last 10 years (SDa 2019; MARAN-2019). This reduction is the result of a change in policy towards the use of antibiotics in veterinary practice and is characterized by a series of coherent political decisions which changed the playing field for farmers and veterinarians considerably. In the years before 2009 the Netherlands was a high consumer of antibiotics in veterinary practice (Grave et al., 2010). The ban of antimicrobial growth promoters (AGPs) did not result in a reduction in total use since in the Netherlands the AGPs were fully replaced by antibiotics licensed for therapy. The total sales of all antibiotics remained stable at around 600 tons from 2000 to 2009.This use pattern resulted in high levels of antimicrobial resistance in bacteria from livestock and food thereof and high prevalence of Livestock Associated MRSA and ESBL-producing E. coli and Salmonella (MARAN, 2019; RIVM, 2009). Specifically, ESBL-producing isolates in the food chain were considered a risk for public health and their high prevalences, predominantly but not solely in poultry and poultry meat products were the direct reason to initiate the change in policy towards antibiotic use in animals.In this manuscript the trends in antibiotic use in poultry will be explored in the context of total use in livestock and its effect on the occurrence and trends in ESBL-producers and antimicrobial resistance in other bacterial species from poultry.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationInternational Symposium on Avian Mycoplasmosis and Infectious Coryza 2019 (ISMC 2019)
Place of PublicationDeventer
PublisherCVI / GD
Pages86-91
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2019
EventInternational Symposium on Avian Mycoplasmosis and Infectious Coryza (ISMC 2019) - Landgoed ISVW, Leusden, Netherlands
Duration: 13 Nov 201915 Nov 2019

Conference

ConferenceInternational Symposium on Avian Mycoplasmosis and Infectious Coryza (ISMC 2019)
CountryNetherlands
CityLeusden
Period13/11/1915/11/19

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    Veldman, K. T., Sanders, P., & Mevius, D. J. (2019). Reduction of antibiotic use and antibiotic resistance in commercial poultry. In International Symposium on Avian Mycoplasmosis and Infectious Coryza 2019 (ISMC 2019) (pp. 86-91). CVI / GD. https://edepot.wur.nl/512908