Reduction of ammonia emissions by using a urease inhibitor in a mechanically ventilated dairy housing system

Anna B. Bobrowski*, Hendrik Jan Van Dooren, Nico Ogink, Frauke Hagenkamp-Korth, Mario Hasler, Eberhard Hartung

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review


Ammonia emissions have a negative influence on both human and animal health as well as on the environment. Livestock farming, in particular the dairy sector, is a major source of ammonia emissions. Urease inhibitors may act as a suitable mitigation measure without requiring the high investments connected with, e.g., new floor surfaces in barn refurbishments. The main aim of this field study was to a) quantify the reduction potential of the urease inhibitor K and b) provide information on the chronological reduction response of the inhibitor. The experimental setup was based on an in time and a case–control approach, according to the requirements of the Verification of Environmental Technologies for Agricultural Production test protocol. The investigations were carried out in two mechanically-ventilated units of the Leeuwarden Dairy Campus. Both sets of investigations were performed over all seasons. A new liquid chemical formulation of the urease inhibitor K, was applied at a rate of 2.5 mg m−2 when mixed with 50 ml m−2 water. Urease activity was measured to confirm the reduction potential of the inhibitor. The in time approach found a seasonal reduction potential, where ammonia emissions were reduced by 17–23% in summer, 10–31% in winter and 22% in spring. The case–control approach found a reduction pattern with the highest reduction potential at the 16-h time slot. However, the time slot analysis found a decrease in reduction after the inhibition peak.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)115-129
JournalBiosystems Engineering
Early online date4 Feb 2021
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2021


  • Ammonia emissions
  • dairy cows
  • reduction potential
  • urease inhibitor


Dive into the research topics of 'Reduction of ammonia emissions by using a urease inhibitor in a mechanically ventilated dairy housing system'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this