Reduction Kinetics of 3-Hydroxybenzoate 6-Hydroxylase from Rhodococcus jostii RHA1

J. Sucharitakul, T. Wongnate, S. Montersino, W.J.H. van Berkel, P. Chaiyen

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14 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

3-Hydroxybenzoate 6-hydroxylase (3HB6H) from Rhodococcus jostii RHA1 is a nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NADH)-specific flavoprotein monooxygenase involved in microbial aromatic degradation. The enzyme catalyzes the para hydroxylation of 3-hydroxybenzoate (3-HB) to 2,5-dihydroxybenzoate (2,5-DHB), the ring-fission fuel of the gentisate pathway. In this study, the kinetics of reduction of the enzyme-bound flavin by NADH was investigated at pH 8.0 using a stopped-flow spectrophotometer, and the data were analyzed comprehensively according to kinetic derivations and simulations. Observed rate constants for reduction of the free enzyme by NADH under anaerobic conditions were linearly dependent on NADH concentrations, consistent with a one-step irreversible reduction model with a bimolecular rate constant of 43 ± 2 M–1 s–1. In the presence of 3-HB, observed rate constants for flavin reduction were hyperbolically dependent on NADH concentrations and approached a limiting value of 48 ± 2 s–1. At saturating concentrations of NADH (10 mM) and 3-HB (10 mM), the reduction rate constant is 51 s–1, whereas without 3-HB, the rate constant is 0.43 s–1 at a similar NADH concentration. A similar stimulation of flavin reduction was found for the enzyme–product (2,5-DHB) complex, with a rate constant of 45 ± 2 s–1. The rate enhancement induced by aromatic ligands is not due to a thermodynamic driving force because Em0 for the enzyme–substrate complex is -179 ± 1 mV compared to an Em0 of -175 ± 2 mV for the free enzyme. It is proposed that the reduction mechanism of 3HB6H involves an isomerization of the initial enzyme–ligand complex to a fully activated form before flavin reduction takes place
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4309-4321
JournalBiochemistry
Volume51
Issue number21
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012

Keywords

  • para-hydroxybenzoate hydroxylase
  • biochemical-characterization
  • pseudomonas-fluorescens
  • acinetobacter-baumannii
  • p-hydroxyphenylacetate
  • genus rhodococcus
  • mechanism
  • flavoprotein
  • purification
  • degradation

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