Reduced tillage for silage maize on sand and clay soils: effect on yield and soil organic matter

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterAcademic

Abstract

Maize (Zea mays) cultivation for silage has negative impacts on soil and water quality: reduced soil organic matter, nitrate leaching, soil-biota decline, etc. These problems can be caused partly by intensive soil tillage, like ploughing. The suitability of less-intensive tillage alternatives for farmers, in terms of
effects on yield and soil quality, is unknown. On three field experiments, two on sandy soils and one on marine clay soil, we compared ‘full-field inversion tillage’ with two reduced tillage systems: ‘full-field non-inversion tillage’ and ‘strip-cutter’. Reducing tillage intensity in silage maize cropping influenced both yields and soil quality: at two locations yields tended to be reduced, and at two locations soil organic matter content was lower in inversion tillage compared to reduced tillage. The possible implications of reduced soil organic matter mineralisation for nitrogen dynamics are discussed
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationGrassland and forages in high output dairy farming systems
EditorsA. van den Pol-van Dasselaar, H.F.M. Aarts, A. De Vliegher, A. Elgersma, D. Reheul, J.A. Reijneveld, J. Verloop, A. Hopkins
PublisherEuropean Grassland Federation EGF
Pages398-400
ISBN (Print)9789090289618
Publication statusPublished - 2015
Event18th EGF Symposium on Grassland and forages in high output dairy farming systems - Wageningen, Netherlands
Duration: 15 Jun 201517 Jun 2015

Publication series

NameGrassland Science in Europe
Volume20

Conference

Conference18th EGF Symposium on Grassland and forages in high output dairy farming systems
CountryNetherlands
CityWageningen
Period15/06/1517/06/15

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  • Cite this

    Deru, J. G. C., van Schooten, H. A., Huiting, H. F., & van der Weide, R. Y. (2015). Reduced tillage for silage maize on sand and clay soils: effect on yield and soil organic matter. In A. van den Pol-van Dasselaar, H. F. M. Aarts, A. De Vliegher, A. Elgersma, D. Reheul, J. A. Reijneveld, J. Verloop, & A. Hopkins (Eds.), Grassland and forages in high output dairy farming systems (pp. 398-400). (Grassland Science in Europe; Vol. 20). European Grassland Federation EGF. http://www.louisbolk.org/downloads/3025.pdf