Red clover varieties of Mattenklee type have higher production, protein yield and persistence than Ackerklee types in grass-clover mixtures

N.J. Hoekstra, G.B. De Deyn, Y. Xu, Rianne Prinsen, N. van Eekeren

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Dairy farmers have increased interest in multiyear red clover-ryegrass ley pasture swards because of their high productivity and protein concentration but the adoption of such mixtures has been restricted because of poor persistency of many red clover cultivars currently used. We aimed (i) to assess dry-matter yield (DMY), persistence and nutritive value of four Mattenklee and four Ackerklee cultivars and (ii) to investigate the underlying plant morphological traits. We conducted a 4-year field experiment with red clover-ryegrass mixtures, in combination with a short-term pot experiment in which the red clover cultivars were grown both in monoculture and in mixture with Lolium perenne L. In the field, Mattenklees showed higher production (on average 42% higher) and clover content (on average 34% higher) in the third and fourth year of production compared to Ackerklees. In the fourth year, Mattenklees had slightly lower digestibility and lower protein concentration compared to Ackerklees cultivars; however, the digestible DMY and the protein yield were higher for Mattenklees. Both persistence and nutritive value of the different red clover cultivars were closely correlated with plant morphological traits. For stem length, there was close correlation (r > .77) between the results from the pot experiment and the field experiment, suggesting that stem length may be an important trait for plant breeding.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)297-308
JournalGrass and Forage Science
Volume73
Issue number2
Early online date21 Aug 2017
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2018

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Trifolium pratense
cultivar
persistence
grass
grasses
protein
cultivars
nutritive value
Lolium
proteins
dry matter
stem
plant breeding
stems
sward
digestibility
monoculture
Lolium perenne
pasture
dairies

Keywords

  • Breeding
  • Morphology
  • Nutritive value
  • Plant traits
  • Trifolium pratense L.

Cite this

@article{578caa62bd8d451fa585f848de2ff174,
title = "Red clover varieties of Mattenklee type have higher production, protein yield and persistence than Ackerklee types in grass-clover mixtures",
abstract = "Dairy farmers have increased interest in multiyear red clover-ryegrass ley pasture swards because of their high productivity and protein concentration but the adoption of such mixtures has been restricted because of poor persistency of many red clover cultivars currently used. We aimed (i) to assess dry-matter yield (DMY), persistence and nutritive value of four Mattenklee and four Ackerklee cultivars and (ii) to investigate the underlying plant morphological traits. We conducted a 4-year field experiment with red clover-ryegrass mixtures, in combination with a short-term pot experiment in which the red clover cultivars were grown both in monoculture and in mixture with Lolium perenne L. In the field, Mattenklees showed higher production (on average 42{\%} higher) and clover content (on average 34{\%} higher) in the third and fourth year of production compared to Ackerklees. In the fourth year, Mattenklees had slightly lower digestibility and lower protein concentration compared to Ackerklees cultivars; however, the digestible DMY and the protein yield were higher for Mattenklees. Both persistence and nutritive value of the different red clover cultivars were closely correlated with plant morphological traits. For stem length, there was close correlation (r > .77) between the results from the pot experiment and the field experiment, suggesting that stem length may be an important trait for plant breeding.",
keywords = "Breeding, Morphology, Nutritive value, Plant traits, Trifolium pratense L.",
author = "N.J. Hoekstra and {De Deyn}, G.B. and Y. Xu and Rianne Prinsen and {van Eekeren}, N.",
year = "2018",
month = "6",
doi = "10.1111/gfs.12307",
language = "English",
volume = "73",
pages = "297--308",
journal = "Grass and Forage Science",
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Red clover varieties of Mattenklee type have higher production, protein yield and persistence than Ackerklee types in grass-clover mixtures. / Hoekstra, N.J.; De Deyn, G.B.; Xu, Y.; Prinsen, Rianne; van Eekeren, N.

In: Grass and Forage Science, Vol. 73, No. 2, 06.2018, p. 297-308.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Red clover varieties of Mattenklee type have higher production, protein yield and persistence than Ackerklee types in grass-clover mixtures

AU - Hoekstra, N.J.

AU - De Deyn, G.B.

AU - Xu, Y.

AU - Prinsen, Rianne

AU - van Eekeren, N.

PY - 2018/6

Y1 - 2018/6

N2 - Dairy farmers have increased interest in multiyear red clover-ryegrass ley pasture swards because of their high productivity and protein concentration but the adoption of such mixtures has been restricted because of poor persistency of many red clover cultivars currently used. We aimed (i) to assess dry-matter yield (DMY), persistence and nutritive value of four Mattenklee and four Ackerklee cultivars and (ii) to investigate the underlying plant morphological traits. We conducted a 4-year field experiment with red clover-ryegrass mixtures, in combination with a short-term pot experiment in which the red clover cultivars were grown both in monoculture and in mixture with Lolium perenne L. In the field, Mattenklees showed higher production (on average 42% higher) and clover content (on average 34% higher) in the third and fourth year of production compared to Ackerklees. In the fourth year, Mattenklees had slightly lower digestibility and lower protein concentration compared to Ackerklees cultivars; however, the digestible DMY and the protein yield were higher for Mattenklees. Both persistence and nutritive value of the different red clover cultivars were closely correlated with plant morphological traits. For stem length, there was close correlation (r > .77) between the results from the pot experiment and the field experiment, suggesting that stem length may be an important trait for plant breeding.

AB - Dairy farmers have increased interest in multiyear red clover-ryegrass ley pasture swards because of their high productivity and protein concentration but the adoption of such mixtures has been restricted because of poor persistency of many red clover cultivars currently used. We aimed (i) to assess dry-matter yield (DMY), persistence and nutritive value of four Mattenklee and four Ackerklee cultivars and (ii) to investigate the underlying plant morphological traits. We conducted a 4-year field experiment with red clover-ryegrass mixtures, in combination with a short-term pot experiment in which the red clover cultivars were grown both in monoculture and in mixture with Lolium perenne L. In the field, Mattenklees showed higher production (on average 42% higher) and clover content (on average 34% higher) in the third and fourth year of production compared to Ackerklees. In the fourth year, Mattenklees had slightly lower digestibility and lower protein concentration compared to Ackerklees cultivars; however, the digestible DMY and the protein yield were higher for Mattenklees. Both persistence and nutritive value of the different red clover cultivars were closely correlated with plant morphological traits. For stem length, there was close correlation (r > .77) between the results from the pot experiment and the field experiment, suggesting that stem length may be an important trait for plant breeding.

KW - Breeding

KW - Morphology

KW - Nutritive value

KW - Plant traits

KW - Trifolium pratense L.

U2 - 10.1111/gfs.12307

DO - 10.1111/gfs.12307

M3 - Article

VL - 73

SP - 297

EP - 308

JO - Grass and Forage Science

JF - Grass and Forage Science

SN - 0142-5242

IS - 2

ER -