Recovery of energy from sludge - comparison of the various options

W.H. Rulkens, J.D. Bien

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

17 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This paper gives a general discussion of existing sludge treatment processes and of innovative treatment options, especially focused on the valuable use of organic carbon compounds as an energy source. Attention is paid both to high and to low temperature processes and to combinations of these processes. Based on an assessment and comparison the most beneficial and sustainable options are identified and a rough indication is given of the possibilities for improvement and future developments
This paper gives a general discussion of existing sludge treatment processes and of innovative treatment options, especially focused on the valuable use of organic carbon compounds as an energy source. Attention is paid both to high and to low temperature processes and to combinations of these processes. Based on an assessment and comparison the most beneficial and sustainable options are identified and a rough indication is given of the possibilities for improvement and future developments.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)213-221
JournalWater Science and Technology
Volume50
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2004

Keywords

  • waste water treatment
  • energy recovery
  • sewage sludge
  • waste utilization
  • gasification
  • temperature
  • sludges
  • sewage-sludge
  • activated-sludge
  • anaerobic-digestion
  • disintegration
  • management
  • future
  • pyrolysis
  • oxidation

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