Recent developments in pig embryo transfer

W. Hazeleger, B. Kemp

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

28 Citations (Scopus)


Porcine embryo transfer has been performed for approximately 50 years, and surgical methods have proven to be reliable for collection and transfer of embryos. However, surgical collection and transfer have the disadvantage of being less useful on the farm. Recently, new procedures for both collection and transfer of embryos have been developed to improve usefulness. The surgical procedure has been refined to a minimally invasive procedure, using endoscopy for collection and transfer of embryos. A nonsurgical procedure for embryo collection has also been devised, but is limited to use in sows with surgically shunted (shortened) uterine horns. Nonsurgical embryo transfer procedures have been developed recently and have proven to be successful. The nonsurgical procedures are preferable to surgical procedures from an animal welfare point of view and because these procedures can be performed on farms without the need for special facilities.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1321-1331
Publication statusPublished - 2001


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