Automated acquisition of plant eco-phenotypic information can serve as a decision-making basis for precision agricultural management and can also provide detailed insights into plant growth status, pest management, water and fertilizer management for plant breeders and plant physiologists. Because the microscopic components and macroscopic morphology of plants will be affected by the ecological environment, research on plant eco-phenotyping is more meaningful than the study of single-plant phenotyping. To achieve high-throughput acquisition of phenotyping information, the combination of high-precision sensors and intelligent robotic platforms have become an emerging research focus. Robotic platforms and automated systems are the important carriers of phenotyping monitoring sensors that enable large-scale screening. Through the diverse design and flexible systems, an efficient operation can be achieved across a range of experimental and field platforms. The combination of robot technology and plant phenotyping monitoring tools provides the data to inform novel artificial intelligence (AI) approaches that will provide steppingstones for new research breakthroughs. Therefore, this article introduces robotics and eco-phenotyping and examines research significant to this novel domain of plant eco-phenotyping. Given the monitoring scenarios of phenotyping information at different scales, the used intelligent robot technology, efficient automation platform, and advanced sensor equipment are summarized in detail. We further discuss the challenges posed to current research as well as the future developmental trends in the application of robot technology and plant eco-phenotyping. These include the use of collected data for AI applications and high-bandwidth data transfer, and large well-structured (meta) data storage approaches in plant sciences and agriculture.
- plant monitoring