Recent changes in the climate yield forecasting of various crops in Europe

I. Supit, C.A. van Diepen, A.J.W. de Wit, P. Kabat, B. Baruth, F. Ludwig

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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Abstract

Recent changes in the simulated potential crop yield and biomass production caused by changes in the temperature and global radiation patterns are examined, using the Crop Growth Monitoring System. The investigated crops are winter wheat, spring barley, maize, winter rapeseed, potato, sugar beet, pulses and sunflower. The period considered is 1976-2005. The research was executed at NUTS2 level. Maize and sugar beet were the crops least affected by changing temperature and global radiation patterns. For the other crops the simulated potential yield remained stable in the majority of regions, while decreasing trends in simulated potential yields prevailed in the remaining regions. The changes appear in a geographical pattern. In Italy and southern central Europe, temperature and radiation change effects are more severe than elsewhere, in these areas potential crop yields of more than three crops significantly decreased. In the UK and some regions in northern Europe the yield potential of various crops increased. In a next step the national yield statistics were analyzed. For a large majority of the countries the yield increases of wheat, barley and to a lesser extent rapeseed are leveling off. Several explanations could be given, however, as the simulated yield potential for these crops decreased in various regions, the changing temperature and radiation patterns may also contribute to the diminishing yield increases or to the stagnation. In more than 50% of the investigated countries the maize, potato and sugar beet yields continue to increase. This can be attributed to improving production techniques, new crop varieties, sometimes in combination with an improving climatic potential. In some regions in northern Europe, yields continue to increase. (C) 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)683-694
JournalAgricultural Systems
Volume103
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2010

Fingerprint

climate change
crops
sugar beet
Northern European region
rapeseed
corn
crop yield
temperature
potatoes
new crops
spring barley
Central European region
Helianthus annuus
winter wheat
biomass production
statistics
legumes
Italy
barley
wheat

Keywords

  • air co2 enrichment
  • land-use
  • brassica-napus
  • temperature
  • wheat
  • growth
  • agriculture
  • scenarios
  • trends
  • food

Cite this

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title = "Recent changes in the climate yield forecasting of various crops in Europe",
abstract = "Recent changes in the simulated potential crop yield and biomass production caused by changes in the temperature and global radiation patterns are examined, using the Crop Growth Monitoring System. The investigated crops are winter wheat, spring barley, maize, winter rapeseed, potato, sugar beet, pulses and sunflower. The period considered is 1976-2005. The research was executed at NUTS2 level. Maize and sugar beet were the crops least affected by changing temperature and global radiation patterns. For the other crops the simulated potential yield remained stable in the majority of regions, while decreasing trends in simulated potential yields prevailed in the remaining regions. The changes appear in a geographical pattern. In Italy and southern central Europe, temperature and radiation change effects are more severe than elsewhere, in these areas potential crop yields of more than three crops significantly decreased. In the UK and some regions in northern Europe the yield potential of various crops increased. In a next step the national yield statistics were analyzed. For a large majority of the countries the yield increases of wheat, barley and to a lesser extent rapeseed are leveling off. Several explanations could be given, however, as the simulated yield potential for these crops decreased in various regions, the changing temperature and radiation patterns may also contribute to the diminishing yield increases or to the stagnation. In more than 50{\%} of the investigated countries the maize, potato and sugar beet yields continue to increase. This can be attributed to improving production techniques, new crop varieties, sometimes in combination with an improving climatic potential. In some regions in northern Europe, yields continue to increase. (C) 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.",
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author = "I. Supit and {van Diepen}, C.A. and {de Wit}, A.J.W. and P. Kabat and B. Baruth and F. Ludwig",
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Recent changes in the climate yield forecasting of various crops in Europe. / Supit, I.; van Diepen, C.A.; de Wit, A.J.W.; Kabat, P.; Baruth, B.; Ludwig, F.

In: Agricultural Systems, Vol. 103, No. 9, 2010, p. 683-694.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Recent changes in the climate yield forecasting of various crops in Europe

AU - Supit, I.

AU - van Diepen, C.A.

AU - de Wit, A.J.W.

AU - Kabat, P.

AU - Baruth, B.

AU - Ludwig, F.

PY - 2010

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AB - Recent changes in the simulated potential crop yield and biomass production caused by changes in the temperature and global radiation patterns are examined, using the Crop Growth Monitoring System. The investigated crops are winter wheat, spring barley, maize, winter rapeseed, potato, sugar beet, pulses and sunflower. The period considered is 1976-2005. The research was executed at NUTS2 level. Maize and sugar beet were the crops least affected by changing temperature and global radiation patterns. For the other crops the simulated potential yield remained stable in the majority of regions, while decreasing trends in simulated potential yields prevailed in the remaining regions. The changes appear in a geographical pattern. In Italy and southern central Europe, temperature and radiation change effects are more severe than elsewhere, in these areas potential crop yields of more than three crops significantly decreased. In the UK and some regions in northern Europe the yield potential of various crops increased. In a next step the national yield statistics were analyzed. For a large majority of the countries the yield increases of wheat, barley and to a lesser extent rapeseed are leveling off. Several explanations could be given, however, as the simulated yield potential for these crops decreased in various regions, the changing temperature and radiation patterns may also contribute to the diminishing yield increases or to the stagnation. In more than 50% of the investigated countries the maize, potato and sugar beet yields continue to increase. This can be attributed to improving production techniques, new crop varieties, sometimes in combination with an improving climatic potential. In some regions in northern Europe, yields continue to increase. (C) 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

KW - air co2 enrichment

KW - land-use

KW - brassica-napus

KW - temperature

KW - wheat

KW - growth

KW - agriculture

KW - scenarios

KW - trends

KW - food

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DO - 10.1016/j.agsy.2010.08.009

M3 - Article

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JO - Agricultural Systems

JF - Agricultural Systems

SN - 0308-521X

IS - 9

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