Real-time polymerase chain reaction approach for quantitation of ruminant-specific DNA to indicate a correlation between DNA amount and meat and bone meal heat treatments

B. Chiappini, G. Brambilla, U. Agrimi, G. Vaccari, H.J.M. Aarts, G. Berben, D. Frezza, V. Giambra

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

    28 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    The use of ruminant-derived proteins in ruminant feeds has been banned in both the European Union and the United States to prevent further spread of bovine spongiform encephalopathy. Enforcement of these regulations relies on the ability to identify the presence of prohibited proteins in feed. We developed a quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction assay for the quantification of ruminant-specific DNA as index of protein content. The assay is based on the amplification of a 117 base pair mitochondrial 16S rRNA DNA gene fragment and an internal positive control (IPC). The use of an IPC permits compensation for differences in DNA extraction efficiency and avoids the occurrence of false-negative results. We demonstrated a decrease in target DNA amount with a difference of 2 logs between meat and bone meal (MBM) treated at 133° and 145°C. Such a difference indicates that bias could occur when DNA-based methods are used for quantitation purposes. Risk management could benefit from future efforts concerning validation of the method for MBM detection in feedstuff and safety evaluation of the use of animal-derived proteins in animal nutrition.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)1399-1403
    JournalJournal of AOAC International
    Volume88
    Issue number5
    Publication statusPublished - 2005

    Keywords

    • bovine mitochondrial-dna
    • spongiform encephalopathy
    • gene-expression
    • pcr assay
    • identification
    • feedstuffs
    • number
    • cells
    • feed

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