Rapid analysis of ß-agonists in urine by thermospray tandem mass spectrometry

J.A. van Rhijn, M. O'Keeffe, H.H. Heskamp, S. Collins

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19 Citations (Scopus)


A method is described for the analysis of -agonists in urine of cattle. The method uses solid-phase extraction (SPE), followed by analysis of the resulting extract by flow injection thermospray tandem mass spectrometry (TSP-MS-MS). Sample preparation is performed using a mixed-bed SPE procedure using a sorbent having both hydrophobic and ionic properties. MS-MS analysis following thermospray ionization, is performed in single-reaction monitoring parent mode. In that way isotope dilution can be used for quantitation of clenbuterol. Data are presented on precision and accuracy for clenbuterol and related compounds. Furthermore, data acquisition was performed in full-scan neutral loss mode to indicate the suitability of flow injection analysis (FIA)-TSP-MS-MS for exploratory analysis. Detection of -agonists in this mode is based on the presence of the N-tert.-butyl--ethanolamino moiety and, in that respect, detection of known as well as unknown compounds having this moiety will take place. This feature is exemplified by the analysis of samples containing several compounds.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)67-73
JournalJournal of Chromatography. A, Including electrophoresis and other separation methods
Publication statusPublished - 1995


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