Quantitative trait loci controlling Phytophthora cactorum resistance in the cultivated octoploid strawberry (Fragaria × ananassa)

Charlotte F. Nellist, Robert J. Vickerstaff, Maria K. Sobczyk, César Marina-Montes, Fiona M. Wilson, David W. Simpson, Adam B. Whitehouse, Richard J. Harrison*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

25 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The cultivated strawberry, Fragaria × ananassa (Fragaria spp.) is the most economically important global soft fruit. Phytophthora cactorum, a water-borne oomycete causes economic losses in strawberry production globally. A bi-parental cross of octoploid cultivated strawberry segregating for resistance to P. cactorum, the causative agent of crown rot disease, was screened using artificial inoculation. Multiple putative resistance quantitative trait loci (QTL) were identified and mapped. Three major effect QTL (FaRPc6C, FaRPc6D and FaRPc7D) explained 37% of the variation observed. There were no epistatic interactions detected between the three major QTLs. Testing a subset of the mapping population progeny against a range of P. cactorum isolates revealed no significant interaction (p = 0.0593). However, some lines showed higher susceptibility than predicted, indicating that additional undetected factors may affect the expression of some quantitative resistance loci. Using historic crown rot disease score data from strawberry accessions, a preliminary genome-wide association study (GWAS) of 114 individuals revealed an additional locus associated with resistance to P. cactorum. Mining of the Fragaria vesca Hawaii 4 v1.1 genome revealed candidate resistance genes in the QTL regions.

Original languageEnglish
Article number60
JournalHorticulture Research
Volume6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2019
Externally publishedYes

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