Quantifying the effects of temperature and photoperiod on phenological development to flowering in rice

X. Yin

Research output: Thesisinternal PhD, WU


<br/>Accurate prediction of crop phenology is important not only for modelling purposes but also for crop improvement and management actions. The objective of this study was to develop a model for predicting phenological development to flowering in rice ( <em>Oryza sativa</em> L.).<p>Data from the literature were analysed to evaluate a basic equation for crop development. The Beta function, commonly used as a skewed probability density function in statistics, was found to accurately describe responses of rice development rate to both temperature and photoperiod. Controlled-environment experiments were then conducted for detailed understanding of the physiological basis of photothermal responses of preflowering development in rice. Effects of day and night temperature on development to flowering were found to be different. The plants did not respond to photoperiod throughout the entire preflowering period, instead, the photoperiod- sensitive phase was sandwiched by two photoperiod-insensitive phases. It appeared that responses to both day and night temperature were stronger during the photoperiod-sensitive phase than during the two photoperiod-insensitive phases. The results also indicated that leaf appearance occurring simultaneously during the preflowering development had a different thermal response from that of the development <em>per se</em> .<p>Based on the experimental results, a detailed model for photothermal responses of flowering in rice was developed, using the Beta function. The model, referred to as the three-stage Beta (3s-Beta) model, describes different photothermal responses during the photoperiod-sensitive phase and the photoperiod-insensitive phases of preflowering ontogeny. Using parameter values derived from controlled-environment experiments, the 3s-Beta model adequately predicted rice flowering dates observed in field conditions. It preformed better than several existing models over a wide range of environments.<p>In order to assist new plant type design, the 3s-Beta model was applied to determine optimal preflowering phenological traits of rice for an increased yield potential in three different irrigated environments in Asia.<p>The results of this thesis were discussed in view of the experimental findings, the methodology of phenology modelling and model applications.
Original languageEnglish
QualificationDoctor of Philosophy
Awarding Institution
  • Kropff, M.J., Promotor, External person
  • Goudriaan, J., Co-promotor
Award date22 May 1996
Place of PublicationS.l.
Print ISBNs9789054855156
Publication statusPublished - 1996


  • rice
  • oryza sativa
  • growth
  • crops
  • light
  • photoperiod
  • photoperiodism
  • shade
  • flowering
  • computer simulation
  • simulation
  • simulation models


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