Quantifying branch architecture of tropical trees using terrestrial LiDAR and 3D modelling

Alvaro Lau*, Lisa Patrick Bentley, Christopher Martius, Alexander Shenkin, Harm Bartholomeus, Pasi Raumonen, Yadvinder Malhi, Tobias Jackson, Martin Herold

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

99 Citations (Scopus)


Tree architecture is the three-dimensional arrangement of above ground parts of a tree. Ecologists hypothesize that the topology of tree branches represents optimized adaptations to tree’s environment. Thus, an accurate description of tree architecture leads to a better understanding of how form is driven by function. Terrestrial laser scanning (TLS) has demonstrated its potential to characterize woody tree structure. However, most current TLS methods do not describe tree architecture. Here, we examined nine trees from a Guyanese tropical rainforest to evaluate the utility of TLS for measuring tree architecture. First, we scanned the trees and extracted individual tree point clouds. TreeQSM was used to reconstruct woody structure through 3D quantitative structure models (QSMs). From these QSMs, we calculated: (1) length and diameter of branches > 10 cm diameter, (2) branching order and (3) tree volume. To validate our method, we destructively harvested the trees and manually measured all branches over 10 cm (279). TreeQSM found and reconstructed 95% of the branches thicker than 30 cm. Comparing field and QSM data, QSM overestimated branch lengths thicker than 50 cm by 1% and underestimated diameter of branches between 20 and 60 cm by 8%. TreeQSM assigned the correct branching order in 99% of all cases and reconstructed 87% of branch lengths and 97% of tree volume. Although these results are based on nine trees, they validate a method that is an important step forward towards using tree architectural traits based on TLS and open up new possibilities to use QSMs for tree architecture.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1219–1231
JournalTrees-Structure and Function
Issue number5
Early online date25 May 2018
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2018


  • Destructive harvesting
  • Quantitative structure models
  • Terrestrial LiDAR
  • Tree architecture
  • Tree metrics


Dive into the research topics of 'Quantifying branch architecture of tropical trees using terrestrial LiDAR and 3D modelling'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this