Assessing basin-scale groundwater storage changes is often difficult when groundwater table data are scarce. In this study, we quantify the groundwater storage changes by using the wflow_sbm hydrological model coupled with the MODLOW groundwater model in the data-scarce area of the Bandung groundwater basin, Indonesia. The soil moisture storage change calculated by wflow_sbm plus the groundwater storage change calculated by MODFLOW is compared to the water storage change estimated by the GRACE satellite between 2005 and 2015. The calculated cross-correlation coefficient is 0.502, and 62.1% of the simulated water storage change falls within GRACE's estimated uncertainty bounds. The important context in the water storage comparison are GRACE temporally local time-lags, data gaps in GRACE datasets, and differences in model seasonal performance and analyzed domain characteristics. The two latter factors highlight the importance of considering local groundwater-related information over large-scale global datasets in basin-scale groundwater storage change assessment. Based on the groundwater flow model, the current predicament of groundwater abstraction in the Bandung groundwater basin is highly unsustainable for future groundwater uses. On average, the groundwater storage in the study area is dwindling at the rate of 87 million m3/year between 2005 and 2018, dominantly a consequence of groundwater abstraction, whose effect is rippled to further impact the whole groundwater flow regime. Agreed by the situation shown by the limited data, the simulated groundwater table drawdown, spatially, is found to be locally and non-uniformly distributed. The capability of a one-way coupled hydrological and groundwater model to investigate basin-scale groundwater storage change, with comparable estimates to the GRACE dataset, unravel the opportunity of using such methods to estimate the behavior of future groundwater storage dynamics under the changing anthropogenic and climatic factors in catchment-scale studies.
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