Quality of urban climate adaptation plans over time

Diana Reckien*, Attila Buzasi, Marta Olazabal, Niki-Artemis Spyridaki, Peter Eckersley, Sofia Simoes, Monica Salvia, Filomena Pietrapertosa, Paris Fokaides, Sascha Goonesekera, Léa Tardieu, Mario Balzan, Cheryl de Boer, Sonia De Gregorio Hurtado, Efrén Feliu, Alexandros Flamos, Aoife Foley, Davide Geneletti, Stelios Grafakos, Oliver HeidrichByron Ioannou, Anna Krook-Riekkola, Marko Matosovic, Hans Orru, Kati Orru, Ivan Paspaldzhiev, Klavdija Rižnar, Magdalena Smigaj, Maria Szalmáné Csete, Vincent Viguié, Anja Wejs

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

12 Citations (Scopus)


Defining and measuring progress in adaptation are important questions for climate adaptation science, policy, and practice. Here, we assess the progress of urban adaptation planning in 327 European cities between 2005 and 2020 using three ‘ADAptation plan Quality Assessment’ indices, called ADAQA-1/ 2/ 3, that combine six plan quality principles. Half of the cities have an adaptation plan and its quality significantly increased over time. However, generally, plan quality is still low in many cities. Participation and monitoring and evaluation are particularly weak aspects in urban adaptation policy, together with plan ‘consistency’. Consistency connects impacts and vulnerabilities with adaptation goals, planned measures, actions, monitoring and evaluation, and participation processes. Consistency is a key factor in the overall quality of plans. To help evaluate the quality of plans and policies and promote learning, we suggest incorporating our ADAptation plan Quality Assessment indices into the portfolio of adaptation progress assessments and tracking methodologies.
Original languageEnglish
Article number13
Journalnpj Urban sustainability
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 3 Mar 2023


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