Specific market and production characteristics of food supply chains are motives for vertical coordination in order to gain competitive advantage. Quality assurance systems will only contribute as a facilitating factor. The actual competitiveness of the food supply chain will be determined by the ability to develop successful partnerships. The implications for food supply chains will be a diversity of partnerships characterized by an enhanced asset specificity and higher exit and entry barriers.
Ziggers, G. W., & Trienekens, J. (1999). Quality assurance in food and agribusiness supply chains: developing successful partnerships. International Journal of Production Economics, 60, 271-279. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0925-5273(98)00138-8