Quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectometry : a method to study the actual expression of allergen isoforms identified by PCR cloning

J.P.F.G. Helsper, L.J.W.J. Gilissen, R. van Ree, A.H.P. America, J.H.G. Cordewener, D. Bosch

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    39 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Background: Over the past 2 decades, molecular biology has shown that most major allergens exist in multiple isoforms. Very little is known about the relevance of allergen isoforms at the level of expressed protein (ie, actual allergen exposure). Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the applicability of state-of-the-art quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry (Q-TOF MSMS) to the identification and quantification of allergen isoforms at the protein level. Methods: Q-TOF MSMS is a mass spectrometric approach for sequencing peptides and proteins. In our study it was applied to recombinant (r)Mal d 1, rBet v 1a and rBet v 1d, and natural (n)Mal d 1 from fruits of Malus domestica, cultivar Granny Smith. Results: Q-TOF MSMS allowed sequencing of about 70␘f all amino acids in Mal d 1 and about 60␘f those in Bet v 1. Mixing experiments with rBet v 1 isoforms and with rMal d 1 and nMal d 1 revealed that the technique allows identification of isoforms in mixtures down to a level of at least 5ÐRecombinant Mal d 1 was identified as a Mal d 1a representative, whereas Granny Smith apples were shown to contain Mal d 1b-like allergen isoforms. In this apple cultivar hitherto unreported modifications of Mal d 1b were identified. Q-TOF MSMS allowed semiquantitative measurement of allergen at the femtomole to picomole level. Conclusion: Q-TOF MSMS is a powerful tool to find out whether an allergen isoform, detected at the cDNA level, is really expressed in quantities relevant for the allergic patient. (J Allergy Clin Immunol 2002;110:131-8.)
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)131-138
    JournalJournal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
    Volume110
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2002

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