Purification and characterization of bacteriocin produced by Lactobacillus rhamnosus zrx01

Ruixiang Zhao, Yanqing Lu, Junjian Ran*, Gang Li, Shuang Lei, Yang Zhu, Baocheng Xu

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

The bacteriocin-zrx01 produced by Lactobacillus rhamnosus zrx01 was purified, its basic biochemical characteristics and bacterial antibacterial sensitivity were studied. The bacteriocin-zrx01 was separated and purified using ethyl acetate, AKTA purifier™ 10 protein purifier with HiTrap™ Capto™ Q anion exchange chromatography and Superdex™ 75 10/300 GL gel chromatography. The purity of bacteriocin-zrx01 was analyzed using high performance liquid chromatography. The sensitivity to temperature, pH and enzymes of the purified bacteriocin-zrx01 was measured as the diameter of the antimicrobial ring. The results showed that the purified bacteriocin-zrx01 bacterial antibacterial activity was good, and the specific vitality was raised from the original fermentation broth at 625 to 5330 AU/mg. The bacteriocin-zrx01 had a higher stability at pH 3–9, and the antibacterial activity was the strongest at pH 4. When pH was 9, it still retained 86% of the antibacterial activity of the control group. Bacteriocin-zrx01 was cold-stable at −70 and −20 °C for 30 min. It still retained 57% antimicrobial activity compared with the control after being autoclaved at 121 °C for 30 min. Some enzymes, such as protease K, neutral protease, trypsin, thrombin, alkaline protease and papain, affected its antibacterial activity, but it was sensitive to pepsin, and the diameter of the antimicrobial ring decreased by 50% after 2 h of pepsin treatment. These results showed that the bacteriocin-zrx01 produced by Lactobacillus rhamnosus zrx01 might have a potential as a natural food preservative, although in vivo studies are needed.

Original languageEnglish
Article number100754
JournalFood Bioscience
Volume38
Early online date10 Sep 2020
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2020

Keywords

  • Antibacterial stability
  • Bacteriocin
  • Lactobacillus rhamnosus zrx01

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