Public research in plant breeding and intellectual property rights: a new call for new institutional policies

R. Tripp, D.J.F. Eaton, N.P. Louwaars

    Research output: Book/ReportReportAcademic

    Abstract

    This paper addresses the issue of using intellectual property rights (IPRs) in public sector breeding, and the potential impact on breeding strategies and on the costs and benefits. The paper is based on a study on the impact of IPRs in the breeding industry in developing countries. There are three main reasons for national agricultural research institutes (NARIs) to embrace IPRs: recognition, technology access and transfer, and revenue. Introducing the concept of revenue generation in public plant breeding is likely to have an impact on the distribution of funds within the NARI and on the breeding strategies applied. A second possible impact is that funds will be distributed more to crops with a high value in seed production. The third level of impact is within breeding programs themselves, where researchers have to choose which ecological areas or client groups to target. The paper concludes with suggestions: Policymakers and research managers need to be aware of potential difficulties of matching revenue generation through IPRs and the public tasks of the NARIs. Explicit national and institutional policies are needed to guide choices regarding the management of IPRs in breeding. Research institutes need to prepare for managing IPRs, whether they intend to protect their own inventions or not. Human and financial resources need to be made available, and the institutional culture needs to be adapted to the new developments.
    LanguageEnglish
    Place of PublicationWashington
    PublisherInternational Bank for Reconstruction and Development
    Number of pages4
    Publication statusPublished - 2006

    Publication series

    NameAgricultural and rural development notes
    PublisherInternational Bank for Reconstruction and Development
    No.13-2006

    Fingerprint

    intellectual property
    right of ownership
    research facility
    revenue
    public tasks
    invention
    public sector
    developing country
    manager
    industry
    costs
    management
    resources
    Group

    Cite this

    Tripp, R., Eaton, D. J. F., & Louwaars, N. P. (2006). Public research in plant breeding and intellectual property rights: a new call for new institutional policies. (Agricultural and rural development notes; No. 13-2006). Washington: International Bank for Reconstruction and Development.
    Tripp, R. ; Eaton, D.J.F. ; Louwaars, N.P. / Public research in plant breeding and intellectual property rights: a new call for new institutional policies. Washington : International Bank for Reconstruction and Development, 2006. 4 p. (Agricultural and rural development notes; 13-2006).
    @book{8f79dde4d8994f6ab85e29992da68a0d,
    title = "Public research in plant breeding and intellectual property rights: a new call for new institutional policies",
    abstract = "This paper addresses the issue of using intellectual property rights (IPRs) in public sector breeding, and the potential impact on breeding strategies and on the costs and benefits. The paper is based on a study on the impact of IPRs in the breeding industry in developing countries. There are three main reasons for national agricultural research institutes (NARIs) to embrace IPRs: recognition, technology access and transfer, and revenue. Introducing the concept of revenue generation in public plant breeding is likely to have an impact on the distribution of funds within the NARI and on the breeding strategies applied. A second possible impact is that funds will be distributed more to crops with a high value in seed production. The third level of impact is within breeding programs themselves, where researchers have to choose which ecological areas or client groups to target. The paper concludes with suggestions: Policymakers and research managers need to be aware of potential difficulties of matching revenue generation through IPRs and the public tasks of the NARIs. Explicit national and institutional policies are needed to guide choices regarding the management of IPRs in breeding. Research institutes need to prepare for managing IPRs, whether they intend to protect their own inventions or not. Human and financial resources need to be made available, and the institutional culture needs to be adapted to the new developments.",
    author = "R. Tripp and D.J.F. Eaton and N.P. Louwaars",
    year = "2006",
    language = "English",
    series = "Agricultural and rural development notes",
    publisher = "International Bank for Reconstruction and Development",
    number = "13-2006",

    }

    Tripp, R, Eaton, DJF & Louwaars, NP 2006, Public research in plant breeding and intellectual property rights: a new call for new institutional policies. Agricultural and rural development notes, no. 13-2006, International Bank for Reconstruction and Development, Washington.

    Public research in plant breeding and intellectual property rights: a new call for new institutional policies. / Tripp, R.; Eaton, D.J.F.; Louwaars, N.P.

    Washington : International Bank for Reconstruction and Development, 2006. 4 p. (Agricultural and rural development notes; No. 13-2006).

    Research output: Book/ReportReportAcademic

    TY - BOOK

    T1 - Public research in plant breeding and intellectual property rights: a new call for new institutional policies

    AU - Tripp, R.

    AU - Eaton, D.J.F.

    AU - Louwaars, N.P.

    PY - 2006

    Y1 - 2006

    N2 - This paper addresses the issue of using intellectual property rights (IPRs) in public sector breeding, and the potential impact on breeding strategies and on the costs and benefits. The paper is based on a study on the impact of IPRs in the breeding industry in developing countries. There are three main reasons for national agricultural research institutes (NARIs) to embrace IPRs: recognition, technology access and transfer, and revenue. Introducing the concept of revenue generation in public plant breeding is likely to have an impact on the distribution of funds within the NARI and on the breeding strategies applied. A second possible impact is that funds will be distributed more to crops with a high value in seed production. The third level of impact is within breeding programs themselves, where researchers have to choose which ecological areas or client groups to target. The paper concludes with suggestions: Policymakers and research managers need to be aware of potential difficulties of matching revenue generation through IPRs and the public tasks of the NARIs. Explicit national and institutional policies are needed to guide choices regarding the management of IPRs in breeding. Research institutes need to prepare for managing IPRs, whether they intend to protect their own inventions or not. Human and financial resources need to be made available, and the institutional culture needs to be adapted to the new developments.

    AB - This paper addresses the issue of using intellectual property rights (IPRs) in public sector breeding, and the potential impact on breeding strategies and on the costs and benefits. The paper is based on a study on the impact of IPRs in the breeding industry in developing countries. There are three main reasons for national agricultural research institutes (NARIs) to embrace IPRs: recognition, technology access and transfer, and revenue. Introducing the concept of revenue generation in public plant breeding is likely to have an impact on the distribution of funds within the NARI and on the breeding strategies applied. A second possible impact is that funds will be distributed more to crops with a high value in seed production. The third level of impact is within breeding programs themselves, where researchers have to choose which ecological areas or client groups to target. The paper concludes with suggestions: Policymakers and research managers need to be aware of potential difficulties of matching revenue generation through IPRs and the public tasks of the NARIs. Explicit national and institutional policies are needed to guide choices regarding the management of IPRs in breeding. Research institutes need to prepare for managing IPRs, whether they intend to protect their own inventions or not. Human and financial resources need to be made available, and the institutional culture needs to be adapted to the new developments.

    M3 - Report

    T3 - Agricultural and rural development notes

    BT - Public research in plant breeding and intellectual property rights: a new call for new institutional policies

    PB - International Bank for Reconstruction and Development

    CY - Washington

    ER -

    Tripp R, Eaton DJF, Louwaars NP. Public research in plant breeding and intellectual property rights: a new call for new institutional policies. Washington: International Bank for Reconstruction and Development, 2006. 4 p. (Agricultural and rural development notes; 13-2006).