Public-private partnerships in China's urban water sector

L. Zhong, A.P.J. Mol, T. Fu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

63 Citations (Scopus)


During the past decades, the traditional state monopoly in urban water management has been debated heavily, resulting in different forms and degrees of private sector involvement across the globe. Since the 1990s, China has also started experiments with new modes of urban water service management and governance in which the private sector is involved. It is premature to conclude whether the various forms of private sector involvement will successfully overcome the major problems (capital shortage, inefficient operation, and service quality) in China¿s water sector. But at the same time, private sector involvement in water provisioning and waste water treatments seems to have become mainstream in transitional China.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)863-877
JournalEnvironmental Management
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 2008


  • participation
  • efficiency


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