Pseudo-chromosome-length genome assembly of a double haploid "Bartlett" pear (Pyrus communis L.)

Gareth Linsmith, Stephane Rombauts, Sara Montanari, Cecilia H. Deng, Jean Marc Celton, Philippe Guérif, Chang Liu, Rolf Lohaus, Jason D. Zurn, Alessandro Cestaro, Nahla V. Bassil, Linda V. Bakker, Elio Schijlen, Susan E. Gardiner, Yves Lespinasse, Charles Eric Durel, Riccardo Velasco, David B. Neale, David Chagné, Yves Van de Peer*Michela Troggio, Luca Bianco

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

70 Citations (Scopus)


BACKGROUND: We report an improved assembly and scaffolding of the European pear (Pyrus communis L.) genome (referred to as BartlettDHv2.0), obtained using a combination of Pacific Biosciences RSII long-read sequencing, Bionano optical mapping, chromatin interaction capture (Hi-C), and genetic mapping. The sample selected for sequencing is a double haploid derived from the same "Bartlett" reference pear that was previously sequenced. Sequencing of di-haploid plants makes assembly more tractable in highly heterozygous species such as P. communis. FINDINGS: A total of 496.9 Mb corresponding to 97% of the estimated genome size were assembled into 494 scaffolds. Hi-C data and a high-density genetic map allowed us to anchor and orient 87% of the sequence on the 17 pear chromosomes. Approximately 50% (247 Mb) of the genome consists of repetitive sequences. Gene annotation confirmed the presence of 37,445 protein-coding genes, which is 13% fewer than previously predicted. CONCLUSIONS: We showed that the use of a doubled-haploid plant is an effective solution to the problems presented by high levels of heterozygosity and duplication for the generation of high-quality genome assemblies. We present a high-quality chromosome-scale assembly of the European pear Pyrus communis and demostrate its high degree of synteny with the genomes of Malus x Domestica and Pyrus x bretschneideri.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbergiz138
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2019


  • chromosome-scale assembly
  • Hi-C
  • Pac-Bio sequencing
  • Pyrus communis L


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