Proximal soil sensors and data fusion for precision agriculture

H.S. Mahmood

Research output: Thesisinternal PhD, WU


different remote and proximal soil sensors are available today that can scan entire fields and give detailed information on various physical, chemical, mechanical and biological soil properties. The first objective of this thesis was to evaluate different proximal soil sensors available today and to identify their capacity of quantifying soil properties. The second objective of this thesis was to enhance the usefulness of a single sensor system by multiple sensor data fusion that can improve the performance of currently available soil sensors when a single sensor does not function optimally due to certain set of soil and environmental constraints.
Original languageEnglish
QualificationDoctor of Philosophy
Awarding Institution
  • Wageningen University
  • van Henten, Eldert, Promotor
  • Hoogmoed, Willem, Co-promotor
Award date4 Jul 2013
Place of PublicationS.l.
Print ISBNs9789461735799
Publication statusPublished - 4 Jul 2013


  • measurement techniques
  • sensors
  • soil properties
  • measurement systems
  • precision agriculture
  • outdoor cropping
  • arable farming


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