Proteome catalog of Zymoseptoria tritici captured during pathogenesis in wheat

S. Ben M'Barek, J.H.G. Cordewener, T.A.J. van der Lee, A.H.P. America, A. Mirzadi Gohari, R. Mehrabi, S. Hamza, P.J.G.M. de Wit, G.H.J. Kema

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Abstract

Zymoseptoria tritici is an economically important pathogen of wheat. However, the molecular basis of pathogenicity on wheat is still poorly understood. Here, we present a global survey of the proteins secreted by this fungus in the apoplast of resistant (cv. Shafir) and susceptible (cv. Obelisk) wheat cultivars after inoculation with reference Z. tritici strain IPO323. The fungal proteins present in apoplastic fluids were analyzed by gel electrophoresis and by data-independent acquisition liquid chromatography/mass spectrometry (LC/MS(E)) combined with data-dependent acquisition LC-MS/MS. Subsequent mapping mass spectrometry-derived peptide sequence data against the genome sequence of strain IPO323 identified 665 peptides in the MS(E) and 93 in the LC-MS/MS mode that matched to 85 proteins. The identified fungal proteins, including cell-wall degrading enzymes and proteases, might function in pathogenicity, but the functions of many remain unknown. Most fungal proteins accumulated in cv. Obelisk at the onset of necrotrophy. This inventory provides an excellent basis for future detailed studies on the role of these genes and their encoded proteins during pathogenesis in wheat
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)42-53
JournalFungal Genetics and Biology
Volume79
Issue numberJune
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015

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Keywords

  • wall-degrading enzymes
  • fungus mycosphaerella-graminicola
  • programmed cell-death
  • cladosporium-fulvum
  • septoria-tritici
  • plant-pathogen
  • magnaporthe-grisea
  • disease resistance
  • hydrogen-peroxide
  • blotch pathogen

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