Willem Norde*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterAcademicpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


Proteins rule life. Essentially all chemical reactions that sustain life are catalyzed by enzymes, which are proteins. Other proteins play vital roles in transport processes, ranging from electron transfer to carrying oxygen, hormones and other substances. Membrane proteins control the passage of ions and metabolites across membranes that separate biological cells and cell organelles from their surroundings. Immunoproteins, the antibodies, defend the organism against foreign invaders. In muscles, proteins take care of converting chemical energy into mechanical work and the elasticity and structure of connective tissues and bones are provided by proteins.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationBiothermodynamics
Subtitle of host publicationThe Role of Thermodynamics in Biochemical Engineering
Number of pages28
ISBN (Electronic)9781466582170
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2013


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