Protein-peptide interactions in mixtures of whey peptides and whey proteins

N. Creusot, H. Gruppen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The effects of several conditions on the amounts and compositions of aggregates formed in mixtures of whey protein hydrolysate, made with Bacillus licheniformis protease, and whey protein isolate were investigated using response surface methodology. Next, the peptides present in the aggregates were separated from the intact protein and identified with liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry. Increasing both temperature and ionic strength increased the amounts of both intact protein and peptides in the aggregates. There was an optimal amount of added intact WPI that could aggregate with peptides, yielding a maximal amount of aggregated material in which the peptide/protein molar ratio was around 6. Under all conditions applied, the same peptides were observed in the protein-peptide aggregates formed. The dominant peptides were -lg AB [f1-45], -lg AB [f90-108], and -la [f50-113]. It was hypothesized that peptides could form a kind of glue network that can include -lactoglobulin via hydrophobic interactions at the hydrophobic binding sites at the surface of the protein
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2474-2481
JournalJournal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
Volume55
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2007

Keywords

  • bovine beta-lactoglobulin
  • alpha-lactalbumin
  • induced aggregation
  • identification
  • hydrolysis
  • fractions
  • glu

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