Protein-lipid interactions of bacteriophage M13 gene 9 minor coat protein (Review)

M.C. Houbiers, M.A. Hemminga

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


Gene 9 protein is one of the minor coat proteins of bacteriophage M13. The protein plays a role in the assembly process by associating with the host membrane by protein-lipid interactions. The availability of chemically synthesized protein has enabled the biophysical characterization of the membrane-bound state of the protein by using model membrane systems. This paper summarizes, discusses and further interprets this work in the light of the current state of the literature, leading to new possible models of the coat protein in a membrane. The biological implications of these findings related to the membrane-bound phage assembly are indicated.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)351-359
JournalMolecular Membrane Biology
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 2004


  • membrane-proteins
  • escherichia-coli
  • phage display
  • alpha-helices
  • m13 procoat
  • filamentous bacteriophage-m13
  • nmr-spectroscopy
  • charged residues
  • outer membranes
  • inner membrane


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