Protein Kinase A subunits of the ascomycete pathogen Mycosphaerella graminicola regulate asexual fructification, filamentation, melanization and osmosensing

R. Mehrabi, G.H.J. Kema

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

24 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

As in many fungi, asexual reproduction of Mycosphaerella graminicola in planta is a complex process that requires proper differentiation of the infectious hyphae in the substomatal cavities of foliar tissue before pycnidia with conidia can be formed. In this study, we have investigated the role of the cAMP signalling pathway in development and pathogenicity of this pathogen by disruption of the genes encoding the catalytic (designated MgTpk2) and regulatory subunit (designated MgBcy1) of protein kinase A. The MgTpk2 and MgBcy1 mutants showed altered phenotypes in vitro when grown under different growth conditions. On potato dextrose agar (PDA), MgBcy1 mutants showed altered osmosensitivity and reduced melanization, whereas the MgTpk2 mutants showed accelerated melanization when compared with the M. graminicola IPO323 wild-type strain and ectopic transformants. MgTpk2 mutants also secreted a dark-brown pigment into yeast glucose broth medium. In germination and microconidiation assays, both mutants showed a germination pattern similar to that of the controls on water agar, whereas on PDA filamentous growth of MgTpk2 mutants was impaired. Pathogenicity assays showed that the MgTpk2 and MgBcy1 mutants were less virulent as they caused only limited chlorotic and necrotic symptoms at the tips of the inoculated leaves. Further analyses of the infection process showed that MgTpk2 and MgBcy1 mutants were able to germinate, penetrate and colonize mesophyll tissue, but were unable to produce the asexual fructifications, which was particularly due to inappropriate differentiation during the late stage of this morphogenesis-related process
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)565-577
JournalMolecular Plant Pathology
Volume7
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2006

Keywords

  • saccharomyces-cerevisiae
  • signal-transduction
  • cryptococcus-neoformans
  • catalytic subunit
  • candida-albicans
  • ustilago-maydis
  • map kinase
  • in-vitro
  • colletotrichum-lagenarium
  • aspergillus-nidulans

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