Protein fibrillization: preparation, mechanism and application

C. Akkermans

Research output: Thesisinternal PhD, WU

Abstract

The development of new functional ingredients is important for future food products. This PhD research aimed at the development of protein based structuring agents. Structuring agents are ingredrients that can be used to tailor the texture (and the mouth-feel) of products. Proteins were transferred into protein fibres (fibrils) that are long (1 micrometer) and very thin (few nanometers). Due to their special properties, protein fibrils offer unique possibilities to mimick meat structures and make products like yoghurt more creamy. This research shows that protein fibrils can be made from different protein sources (whey protein of milk, soy protein, potato protein) by heating an acidic protein solution. Furthermore, the mechanism of fibril formation was clarified. As a result, it was possible to optimize the fibril production and control the fibril properties. Finally, an important step was made towards the application of these fibrils in food products by studying the behaviour of fibrils in a model system for food products.
Original languageEnglish
QualificationDoctor of Philosophy
Awarding Institution
  • Wageningen University
Supervisors/Advisors
  • Boom, Remko, Promotor
  • van der Linden, Erik, Promotor
  • van der Goot, Atze Jan, Co-promotor
  • Venema, Paul, Co-promotor
Award date6 Jun 2008
Place of Publication[S.l.]
Publisher
Print ISBNs9789085048794
Publication statusPublished - 2008

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Keywords

  • beta-lactoglobulin
  • whey protein
  • structure
  • ingredients
  • foods
  • fibres
  • physical state
  • food physics

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