Protecting Farmers New Varieties: New Approaches to Rights on Collective Innovations in Plant Genetic Resources

R. Salazar, N.P. Louwaars, L. Visser

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

    43 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Current farmers’ breeding goes beyond the gradual selection in landraces, and includes development and maintenance of major new farmers’ varieties that are increasingly uniform, in particular in South-East Asia. Modern varieties developed in the formal sector have simply replaced landraces as the source of diversity, but have not abolished farmers’ breeding practices. Interpretations of the new international agreements on plant genetic resources should protect the development of modern farmers’ varieties. However, ensuring recognition of collective innovation, allowing access to relevant germplasm sources for farmers’ breeding activites, keeping materials freely available, and arranging for effective benefit sharing, all form major challenges. This paper proposes a new protective measure: namely “origin recognition rights.”
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)1515-1528
    JournalWorld Development
    Volume35
    Issue number9
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2007

    Keywords

    • rice varieties
    • maize

    Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Protecting Farmers New Varieties: New Approaches to Rights on Collective Innovations in Plant Genetic Resources'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this