Prospects for Agroforestry in REDD+ landscapes in Africa

P.A. Minang, L.A. Duguma, F. Bernard, O. Metz, M. van Noordwijk

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

30 Citations (Scopus)


Agroforests and agroforestry can be direct targets of Reduced Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation (REDD+) programs, or indirect parts of the necessary conditions for success. Whether or not it becomes a core element of REDD+ depends on the country's forest definition. We review these dimensions of agroforestry in REDD+, with supporting examples, mostly from Africa, and highlight the implications and challenges for enhancing the contributions of agroforestry to REDD+ and corresponding sustainable benefits. Where carbon stocks in agroforestry cannot be directly targeted in REDD+, agroforestry still can be included in REDD+ strategies, as ways to (1) shift demand for land (land sparing) and (2) provide alternative sources of products otherwise derived from forest over-exploitation or conversion, thereby avoiding leakage from forest protection efforts.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)78-82
JournalCurrent Opinion in Environmental Sustainability
Publication statusPublished - 2014


  • carbon sequestration
  • forest degradation
  • intensification
  • deforestation
  • conservation
  • challenges
  • systems
  • area

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