Prospective environmental risk assessment for sediment-bound organic chemicals

A proposal for tiered effect assessment

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A broadly accepted framework for prospective environmental risk assessment (ERA) of sediment-bound organic chemicals is currently lacking. Such a framework requires clear protection goals, evidence-based concepts that link exposure to effects and a transparent tiered-effect assessment. In this paper, we provide a tiered prospective sediment ERA procedure for organic chemicals in sediment, with a focus on the applicable European regulations and the underlying data requirements. Using the ecosystem services concept, we derived specific protection goals for ecosystem service providing units: microorganisms, benthic algae, sediment-rooted macrophytes, benthic invertebrates and benthic vertebrates. Triggers for sediment toxicity testing are discussed.

We recommend a tiered approach (Tier 0 through Tier 3). Tier-0 is a cost-effective screening based on chronic water-exposure toxicity data for pelagic species and equilibrium partitioning. Tier-1 is based on spiked sediment laboratory toxicity tests with standard benthic test species and standardised test methods. If comparable chronic toxicity data for both standard and additional benthic test species are available, the Species Sensitivity Distribution (SSD) approach is a more viable Tier-2 option than the geometric mean approach. This paper includes criteria for accepting results of sediment-spiked single species toxicity tests in prospective ERA, and for the application of the SSD approach. We propose micro/mesocosm experiments with spiked sediment, to study colonisation success by benthic organisms, as a Tier-3 option. Ecological effect models can be used to supplement the experimental tiers. A strategy for unifying information from various tiers by experimental work and exposure—and effect modelling is provided.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationReviews of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
EditorsPim de Voogt
Place of PublicationNew York
PublisherSpringer
Pages1-77
Volume239
ISBN (Electronic)9783319339726
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017

Publication series

NameReviews of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
PublisherSpringer
Volume239
ISSN (Print)0179-5953

Fingerprint

sediment
toxicity
toxicity test
ecosystem service
chemical
effect
environmental risk assessment
mesocosm
vertebrate
partitioning
colonization
microorganism
invertebrate
alga
cost
modeling
test
experiment
water
exposure

Cite this

Diepens, N. J., Koelmans, A. A., Baveco, J. M., van den Brink, P. J., van den Heuvel-Greve, M. J., & Brock, T. C. M. (2017). Prospective environmental risk assessment for sediment-bound organic chemicals: A proposal for tiered effect assessment . In P. de Voogt (Ed.), Reviews of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology (Vol. 239, pp. 1-77). (Reviews of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology; Vol. 239). New York: Springer. https://doi.org/10.1007/398_2015_5004
Diepens, N.J. ; Koelmans, A.A. ; Baveco, J.M. ; van den Brink, P.J. ; van den Heuvel-Greve, M.J. ; Brock, T.C.M. / Prospective environmental risk assessment for sediment-bound organic chemicals : A proposal for tiered effect assessment . Reviews of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology . editor / Pim de Voogt. Vol. 239 New York : Springer, 2017. pp. 1-77 (Reviews of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology).
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abstract = "A broadly accepted framework for prospective environmental risk assessment (ERA) of sediment-bound organic chemicals is currently lacking. Such a framework requires clear protection goals, evidence-based concepts that link exposure to effects and a transparent tiered-effect assessment. In this paper, we provide a tiered prospective sediment ERA procedure for organic chemicals in sediment, with a focus on the applicable European regulations and the underlying data requirements. Using the ecosystem services concept, we derived specific protection goals for ecosystem service providing units: microorganisms, benthic algae, sediment-rooted macrophytes, benthic invertebrates and benthic vertebrates. Triggers for sediment toxicity testing are discussed.We recommend a tiered approach (Tier 0 through Tier 3). Tier-0 is a cost-effective screening based on chronic water-exposure toxicity data for pelagic species and equilibrium partitioning. Tier-1 is based on spiked sediment laboratory toxicity tests with standard benthic test species and standardised test methods. If comparable chronic toxicity data for both standard and additional benthic test species are available, the Species Sensitivity Distribution (SSD) approach is a more viable Tier-2 option than the geometric mean approach. This paper includes criteria for accepting results of sediment-spiked single species toxicity tests in prospective ERA, and for the application of the SSD approach. We propose micro/mesocosm experiments with spiked sediment, to study colonisation success by benthic organisms, as a Tier-3 option. Ecological effect models can be used to supplement the experimental tiers. A strategy for unifying information from various tiers by experimental work and exposure—and effect modelling is provided.",
author = "N.J. Diepens and A.A. Koelmans and J.M. Baveco and {van den Brink}, P.J. and {van den Heuvel-Greve}, M.J. and T.C.M. Brock",
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Diepens, NJ, Koelmans, AA, Baveco, JM, van den Brink, PJ, van den Heuvel-Greve, MJ & Brock, TCM 2017, Prospective environmental risk assessment for sediment-bound organic chemicals: A proposal for tiered effect assessment . in P de Voogt (ed.), Reviews of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology . vol. 239, Reviews of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology, vol. 239, Springer, New York, pp. 1-77. https://doi.org/10.1007/398_2015_5004

Prospective environmental risk assessment for sediment-bound organic chemicals : A proposal for tiered effect assessment . / Diepens, N.J.; Koelmans, A.A.; Baveco, J.M.; van den Brink, P.J.; van den Heuvel-Greve, M.J.; Brock, T.C.M.

Reviews of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology . ed. / Pim de Voogt. Vol. 239 New York : Springer, 2017. p. 1-77 (Reviews of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology; Vol. 239).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

TY - CHAP

T1 - Prospective environmental risk assessment for sediment-bound organic chemicals

T2 - A proposal for tiered effect assessment

AU - Diepens, N.J.

AU - Koelmans, A.A.

AU - Baveco, J.M.

AU - van den Brink, P.J.

AU - van den Heuvel-Greve, M.J.

AU - Brock, T.C.M.

N1 - SENSE-1 / WIMEK - SENSE Core 1 Nutriënten in het milieu en microverontreinigingen: gedrag, blootstelling, effecten, verwijdering en hergebruik / Environmental nutrients and micropollutants: behaviour, exposure, effects, removal and reuse

PY - 2017

Y1 - 2017

N2 - A broadly accepted framework for prospective environmental risk assessment (ERA) of sediment-bound organic chemicals is currently lacking. Such a framework requires clear protection goals, evidence-based concepts that link exposure to effects and a transparent tiered-effect assessment. In this paper, we provide a tiered prospective sediment ERA procedure for organic chemicals in sediment, with a focus on the applicable European regulations and the underlying data requirements. Using the ecosystem services concept, we derived specific protection goals for ecosystem service providing units: microorganisms, benthic algae, sediment-rooted macrophytes, benthic invertebrates and benthic vertebrates. Triggers for sediment toxicity testing are discussed.We recommend a tiered approach (Tier 0 through Tier 3). Tier-0 is a cost-effective screening based on chronic water-exposure toxicity data for pelagic species and equilibrium partitioning. Tier-1 is based on spiked sediment laboratory toxicity tests with standard benthic test species and standardised test methods. If comparable chronic toxicity data for both standard and additional benthic test species are available, the Species Sensitivity Distribution (SSD) approach is a more viable Tier-2 option than the geometric mean approach. This paper includes criteria for accepting results of sediment-spiked single species toxicity tests in prospective ERA, and for the application of the SSD approach. We propose micro/mesocosm experiments with spiked sediment, to study colonisation success by benthic organisms, as a Tier-3 option. Ecological effect models can be used to supplement the experimental tiers. A strategy for unifying information from various tiers by experimental work and exposure—and effect modelling is provided.

AB - A broadly accepted framework for prospective environmental risk assessment (ERA) of sediment-bound organic chemicals is currently lacking. Such a framework requires clear protection goals, evidence-based concepts that link exposure to effects and a transparent tiered-effect assessment. In this paper, we provide a tiered prospective sediment ERA procedure for organic chemicals in sediment, with a focus on the applicable European regulations and the underlying data requirements. Using the ecosystem services concept, we derived specific protection goals for ecosystem service providing units: microorganisms, benthic algae, sediment-rooted macrophytes, benthic invertebrates and benthic vertebrates. Triggers for sediment toxicity testing are discussed.We recommend a tiered approach (Tier 0 through Tier 3). Tier-0 is a cost-effective screening based on chronic water-exposure toxicity data for pelagic species and equilibrium partitioning. Tier-1 is based on spiked sediment laboratory toxicity tests with standard benthic test species and standardised test methods. If comparable chronic toxicity data for both standard and additional benthic test species are available, the Species Sensitivity Distribution (SSD) approach is a more viable Tier-2 option than the geometric mean approach. This paper includes criteria for accepting results of sediment-spiked single species toxicity tests in prospective ERA, and for the application of the SSD approach. We propose micro/mesocosm experiments with spiked sediment, to study colonisation success by benthic organisms, as a Tier-3 option. Ecological effect models can be used to supplement the experimental tiers. A strategy for unifying information from various tiers by experimental work and exposure—and effect modelling is provided.

U2 - 10.1007/398_2015_5004

DO - 10.1007/398_2015_5004

M3 - Chapter

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BT - Reviews of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology

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Diepens NJ, Koelmans AA, Baveco JM, van den Brink PJ, van den Heuvel-Greve MJ, Brock TCM. Prospective environmental risk assessment for sediment-bound organic chemicals: A proposal for tiered effect assessment . In de Voogt P, editor, Reviews of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology . Vol. 239. New York: Springer. 2017. p. 1-77. (Reviews of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology). https://doi.org/10.1007/398_2015_5004