For the growth of the male reproductive cells of plants, the pollen, the presence of sufficient sucrose or monosaccharides is of vital importance. From Petunia hybrida a pollen-specific putative monosaccharide transporter designated PMT1 (for petunia monosaccharide transporter) has been identified previously. The present work provides an in-depth analysis and characterisation of PMT1 in the context of pollen development with the GUS reporter gene and an insertion mutant. The promoter of the pollen-specific putative PMT1 gene has been isolated by inverse PCR and sequenced. Analysis of plants transformed with the promoter-GUS fusion confirmed the specificity of this gene, belonging to the late pollen-specific expressed genes. GUS activity was detected even after 24 h of in vitro pollen germination, at the pollen tube tip. To elucidate the importance of PMT1 for gametophyte development and fertilisation, we isolated a mutant plant containing a transposon insertion in the PMT1 gene by the dTph1 transposon-tagging PCR-based assay. The PMT1 mutant contained a dTph1 insertion in position 1474 bp of the transcribing part of the gene, before the last two transmembrane-spanning domains. Analysis of the progeny of the heterozygous mutant after selfing revealed no alterations in pollen viability and fertility. Mature pollen grains of a plant homozygous for the transposon insertion were able to germinate in vitro in a medium containing sucrose, glucose, or fructose, which indicates that PMT1 is not essential for pollen survival. Several explanations for these results are discussed in the present work.
- heterologous expression
- tube growth
- gene family
Garrido, D., Busscher-Lange, J., & van Tunen, A. J. (2006). Promoter activity of a putative pollen monosaccharide transporter in Petunia hybrida and characterisation of a transposon insertion mutant. Protoplasma, 228(1-3), 3-11. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00709-006-0171-5