Promises and pitfalls of Quantitative Structure-Activity Relationship approaches for predicting metabolism and toxicity

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Abstract

The description of quantitative structure¿activity relationship (QSAR) models has been a topic for scientific research for more than 40 years and a topic within the regulatory framework for more than 20 years. At present, efforts on QSAR development are increasing because of their promise for supporting reduction, refinement, and/or replacement of animal toxicity experiments. However, their acceptance in risk assessment seems to require a more standardized and scientific underpinning of QSAR technology to avoid possible pitfalls. For this reason, guidelines for QSAR model development recently proposed by the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) [ Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) (2007) Guidance document on the validation of (quantitative) structure¿activity relationships [(Q)SAR] models. OECD Environment Health and Safety Publications: Series on Testing and Assessment No. 69, Paris] are expected to help increase the acceptability of QSAR models for regulatory purposes. The guidelines recommend that QSAR models should be associated with (i) a defined end point, (ii) an unambiguous algorithm, (iii) a defined domain of applicability, (iv) appropriate measures of goodness-of-fit, robustness, and predictivity, and (v) a mechanistic interpretation, if possible [ Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) (2007) Guidance document on the validation of (quantitative) structure¿activity relationships [(Q)SAR] models. The present perspective provides an overview of these guidelines for QSAR model development and their rationale, as well as the promises and pitfalls of using QSAR approaches and these guidelines for predicting metabolism and toxicity of new and existing chemicals.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2229-2236
JournalChemical Research in Toxicology
Volume21
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2008

Keywords

  • structure-property relationships
  • aquatic toxicity
  • qsar models
  • applicability domain
  • cytochromes p450
  • environmental-pollutants
  • tetrahymena-pyriformis
  • partition-coefficients
  • industrial pollutants
  • pimephales-promelas

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