Oligosaccharides produced by hydrothermal processing of rice husks (xylooligosaccharides and glucooligosaccharides) were refined by membrane processing (operating in diafiltration and concentration modes), subjected to xylanase treatment to reduce the average molar mass, and subjected to further purification by ultrafiltration (operating in concentration mode) and ion exchange. The purified products were assayed for composition, molar mass distribution and structural characterization by HPLC, HPAEC-PAD, HPSEC, MALDI-TOF-MS and NMR (1H and 13C). The fermentability of the purified product by fecal inocula was assessed on the basis of the time courses of pH and oligosaccharide concentrations. Succinate, lactate, formiate, acetate, propionate and butyrate were the major products resulting from fermentation experiments.
- substituted xylo-oligosaccharides
- human colonic microbiota
- treated eucalyptus wood
- dietary modulation