Production by Clostridium acetobutylicum ATCC 824 of CelG, a cellulosomal glycoside hydrolase belonging to family 9

A.M. Lopez Contreras, A.A. Martens, N. Szijarto, A. Mooibroek, P.A.M. Claassen, J. van der Oost, W.M. de Vos

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Abstract

The genome sequence of Clostridium acetobutylicum ATCC 824, a noncellulolytic solvent-producing strain, predicts the production of various proteins with domains typical for cellulosomal subunits. Most of the genes coding for these proteins are grouped in a cluster similar to that found in cellulolytic clostridial species, such as Clostridium cellulovorans. CAC0916, one of the open reading frames present in the putative cellulosome gene cluster, codes for CelG, a putative endoglucanase belonging to family 9, and it was cloned and overexpressed in Escherichia coli. The overproduced CelG protein was purified by making use of its high affinity for cellulose and was characterized. The biochemical properties of the purified CelG were comparable to those of other known enzymes belonging to the same family. Expression of CelG by C. acetobutylicum grown on different substrates was studied by Western blotting by using antibodies raised against the purified E. coli-produced protein. Whereas the antibodies cross-reacted with CelG-like proteins secreted by cellobiose- or cellulose-grown C. cellulovorans cultures, CelG was not detectable in extracellular medium from C. acetobutylicum grown on cellobiose or glucose. However, notably, when lichenan-grown cultures were used, several bands corresponding to CelG or CelG-like proteins were present, and there was significantly increased extracellular endoglucanase activity
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)869-877
JournalApplied and Environmental Microbiology
Volume69
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2003

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Keywords

  • domestic organic waste
  • crystalline cellulose
  • solvent production
  • cellulovorans
  • cellulolyticum
  • butanol
  • acetone
  • fermentation
  • degradation
  • cellulases

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