This report examines the possibility of giving preferential treatment to imports of meat
products that meet improved standards in terms of animal welfare in production. Three
specific forms of preferential treatment are considered here as possible measures for increasing
levels of animal welfare in meat production in the EU and its exporting partners:
labelling of products (either voluntary or compulsory), differentiated import tariffs and differentiated
consumer taxes. The likely admissibility of such measures under WTO rules is
assessed by means of an analysis of previous decisions by WTO dispute settlement panels.
It is concluded that all of the measures analysed have a possibility of being upheld, based
on a defence relying on Article XX of the GATT and perhaps also the TBT Agreement.
While the incentives offered by labelling could be reinforced with differentiated tariffs or
taxes, these financial instruments involve various additional complications. They could
best be considered after the possibilities of regulated labelling schemes have been exhausted.
|Place of Publication||Den Haag|
|Number of pages||71|
|Publication status||Published - 2005|
|Name||Rapport / LEI : Domain 6, Policy|
- agricultural policy
- world trade organization
- meat production
- animal welfare
- preferential tariffs
- european union