Probiotic modulation of dendritic cells and T cell responses in the intestine

M. Meijerink, J. Wells

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

23 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Over the past decade it has become clear that probiotic and commensal interactions with mucosal dendritic cells in the lamina propria or epithelial cells lining the mucosa can modulate specific functions of the mucosal immune system. Innate pattern-recognition receptors such as TLRs, NLRs and CLRs play a crucial role in the host recognition of probiotics and other microorganism. Signalling via these receptors directly influences the chemokine and cytokine response of dendritic cells as well as the crosstalk between the epithelium and the immune cells in the lamina propria. This can influence the population of effector and regulatory T cell subsets in the mucosa. Immune assays with probiotics have shown that the in vitro immune response is both species and strain-specific. Such assays may be useful for the selection of probiotic strains that have beneficial effects on the regulation of intestinal inflammation but more comparative studies are needed to confirm recent findings. A better understanding of the molecular mechanisms of probiotics, the effect of dose, and frequency of administration on microbial sampling by mucosal APC will also help to clarify the value of immune assays as selection criteria for probiotics
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)317-326
JournalBeneficial Microbes
Volume1
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2010

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