Principles of interactions in non-aqueous electrolyte solutions

J. Lyklema

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

    27 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    In this paper a review is presented on the molecular interactions in non-aqueous media of low dielectric permittivity. Qualitative and quantitative distinctions with aqueous solutions are emphasized. The reviewed themes include dispersion forces, dissociation and association equilibria, discrimination between electrostatic and non-electrostatic interactions, ionic specificity, conductivity, electrokinetics and colloid interaction. Distinctions between so-called primitive and non-primitive interpretations and between individual and collective behavior are discussed; in these respects the colloid stability phenomena behave differently from the corresponding ones in aqueous solvents. (c) 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)116-128
    JournalCurrent Opinion in Colloid and Interface Science
    Volume18
    Issue number2
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2013

    Keywords

    • nonpolar-solvents
    • aerosol ot
    • ionic association
    • micelle formation
    • apolar solvents
    • media
    • conductance
    • stability
    • water
    • colloids

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